Forgot Password
Pentax Camera Forums Home
 

Reply
Show Printable Version Search this Thread
09-24-2015, 08:55 PM   #16
Loyal Site Supporter
UncleVanya's Avatar

Join Date: Jul 2014
Photos: Gallery | Albums
Posts: 9,494
QuoteOriginally posted by K-Three Quote
I think "Computer Standards" is an oxymoron

Wasn't RAW supposed to be RAW on all devices?
Yet we need updated software to make the Adobe products (who wrote the "standard") with each new camera, even from the same camera manufacturer.
There are lots of other examples
Actually RAW is quite different. That is an extensible standard. File formats - drive formats have to be very strictly enforced or they don't offer portability. Otherwise when you format in the computer you can't read or write in the camera or vice versa. The file allocation table, the way the bits are laid down has to be the same or nothing but the device it is originally formatted in can read or write it.

That said, perhaps some cameras had glitchy implementations that were just close enough that the computers could read the cards but only the cameras could format them or the camera's couldn't read them. I know I saw odd issues with my older point and shoot cameras where sharing a card between multiple cameras could be odd.

09-24-2015, 09:47 PM   #17
Site Supporter
stevebrot's Avatar

Join Date: Mar 2007
Location: Vancouver (USA)
Photos: Gallery | Albums
Posts: 26,167
QuoteOriginally posted by UncleVanya Quote
Any idea why? FAT32 should be FAT32 should be FAT32.
With SDXC cards, it ain't FAT32. Instead, it is a Microsoft proprietary format called exFAT.

That is part of the problem. The other that affects SD and SDHD as well is one of residual filesystem structures (particularly with OS X) that may persist after an unclean unmount. Those may still be present even after a reformat using Windows. That is where the utility from the SD Association comes in. It does a nice job of making a clean sweep of a corrupted card. Oh...and one more thing. There are aspects of the format process that are specific to SD. Those are covered briefly on the SD Assoc Web site.

https://www.sdcard.org/downloads/formatter_4/index.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ExFAT


Steve

Last edited by stevebrot; 09-24-2015 at 10:05 PM.
09-24-2015, 09:49 PM   #18
Site Supporter
stevebrot's Avatar

Join Date: Mar 2007
Location: Vancouver (USA)
Photos: Gallery | Albums
Posts: 26,167
QuoteOriginally posted by K-Three Quote
Wasn't RAW supposed to be RAW on all devices?
No...RAW is raw as in carrots, broccoli and hamburger before they are cooked. All may be raw, but in very different ways. There is no RAW standard (no not even DNG*) and never has been. The RAW files from the different makers have always been proprietary.


Steve

* DNG is not a standard either. Rather, it is an Adobe-controlled format that has a published specification.

Last edited by stevebrot; 09-24-2015 at 09:56 PM.
09-24-2015, 10:03 PM   #19
Loyal Site Supporter
UncleVanya's Avatar

Join Date: Jul 2014
Photos: Gallery | Albums
Posts: 9,494
QuoteOriginally posted by stevebrot Quote
With SDXC cards, it ain't FAT32. Instead, it is a Microsoft proprietary format called exFAT.

That is part of the problem. The other that affects SD and SDHD as well is one of residual filesystem structures (particularly with OS X) that may persist after an unclean unmount. Those may still be present even after a reformat using Windows. That is where the utility from the SD Association comes in. It does a nice job of making a clean sweep of a corrupted card.

https://www.sdcard.org/downloads/formatter_4/index.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ExFAT


Steve
Thanks. That's helpful. I know about the unclear dismount on Macs been there.

Didn't know SDXC used exFAT - interesting.

09-25-2015, 06:14 PM   #20
Senior Member
bkpix's Avatar

Join Date: Feb 2010
Location: Creswell, Oregon
Photos: Gallery | Albums
Posts: 279
I used to use Windows7 (happily switched last summer to Linux), and it always gave me a message saying the SD card plugged in the reader needed to be formatted. I just ignored the message, downloaded the card, put it back in the camera for formatting, and everything worked fine.

One nice thing about Linux, let me add, is the much lower rate of irritating messages like that.
09-25-2015, 07:27 PM   #21
Senior Member




Join Date: May 2014
Location: Pugetopolis, WA
Photos: Gallery
Posts: 245
QuoteOriginally posted by stevebrot Quote
There is no RAW standard (no not even DNG*) and never has been
I did mean DNG, not RAW , my bad, each camera and sensor has its own RAW format off the chip

Here is that specification, Sure sounds like a standard to me, if the intent is to have these files readable in perpetuity, by multiple softwares (Adobe makes several references to archive needs in the spec), then I have to think this is a standard that those who claim to be writing/reading DNG files should follow. If the standard (spec) is not followed by the camera makers and the software writers then the archival nature of the DNG file is useless.
09-26-2015, 02:26 PM   #22
Site Supporter
stevebrot's Avatar

Join Date: Mar 2007
Location: Vancouver (USA)
Photos: Gallery | Albums
Posts: 26,167
QuoteOriginally posted by K-Three Quote
Sure sounds like a standard to me
Thanks for the link. I am familiar with the DNG spec. Standards and specifications are two different things. The difference is subtle, but real. A specification is a set of rules, attributes, and descriptions. A standard is a specification that has been codified and is maintained by a standards body. In my line of work (software development) there are many specifications and some standards. Examples of the former would be FAT32 filesystem, TIFF image format, and the DNG specification. Examples of the later would include HTML 5 (W3C), film speeds (ISO), and ANSI C programming language. Out in far left field are working metrics that we use like standards, but are neither standards nor specifications. A good example would ISO-equivalent sensor sensitivity settings on digital cameras where standards exist, but industry practice is sketchy.

In the case of DNG, while the specification is published, it is entirely controlled by Adobe and serves as a point of integration for Adobe products. The pace and nature of change of the DNG specification is determined by the functional requirements of Adobe products, which in turn is driven by their market analysis and business plan. Broad adaptation of DNG is good for Adobe, but of no real benefit to adapters beyond a generalized better chance of compatibility with Adobe products*. There are no performance or compliance specs for DNG implementations nor are there reference implementations or specific guidelines for DNG readers.


Steve

* Adobe products should always be able to read a valid DNG, though support for various features may be missing. This issue has cropped up several times in the past (starting with the K10D) and is generally fixed with release of an updated version of Adobe Camera Raw (ACR). DNG support outside Adobe is spotty and unpredictable. Poor cross-compatibility is a weak point in the specification. A good example might be Pentax cameras and DCU software. Both support Pentax-generated DNG, but neither are able to ready Adobe-generated DNG, even those converted from Pentax PEF. In both cases, the DNGs are fully compliant, but the Adobe-generated files make Pentax software barf. I am not sure about other vendors. Interestingly, both are readable, after a sort, by TIFF/EP readers. Go figure...

Last edited by stevebrot; 09-26-2015 at 03:18 PM.
Reply

Bookmarks
  • Submit Thread to Facebook Facebook
  • Submit Thread to Twitter Twitter
  • Submit Thread to Digg Digg
Tags - Make this thread easier to find by adding keywords to it!
camera, card, computer, dslr, eyefi, format, k-5, k-5 ii, k-5 iis, k5, memory, pentax, pentax k-5, photos, reader, upload
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
One more K-3 FW bug - 128GB card, file system & formatting. Prakticant Pentax K-3 9 06-11-2015 08:07 AM
Pentax k-x SD Card Formatting Help RealPotato Troubleshooting and Beginner Help 6 02-10-2015 09:05 PM
Camera memory card data is lost for formatting. Need your help! Jona373 Troubleshooting and Beginner Help 2 03-20-2014 07:54 AM
SD Card formatting? Brownie4u Digital Processing, Software, and Printing 5 05-23-2013 02:23 PM
SD card formatting fredok1 Pentax DSLR Discussion 29 04-01-2012 06:02 AM



All times are GMT -7. The time now is 05:47 AM. | See also: NikonForums.com, part of our network of photo forums!
  • Red (Default)
  • Green
  • Gray
  • Dark
  • Dark Yellow
  • Dark Blue
  • Old Red
  • Old Green
  • Old Gray
  • Dial-Up Style
Hello! It's great to see you back on the forum! Have you considered joining the community?
register
Creating a FREE ACCOUNT takes under a minute, removes ads, and lets you post! [Dismiss]
Top